Mozambique – traditional dhow safari

Posted by on Mar 10, 2014 in In print this month | 0 comments

Silent sailing through the Quirimbas

The northern Mozambique coast is washed by tepid turquoise waters and sprinkled with islands so beautiful they could be living postcards. These are the islands of the Quirimbas Archipelago, and sailing them in a traditional dhow makes you feel just like a modern day African explorer. But with no rough edges or bags to haul along.

by Keri Harvey

Mozambique dhow at sea

Traditional dhow at sea

He’s a dolphin whisperer, and a master sailor who reads waters rather than books. He knows how to tack through a storm and where rare crab plovers live, and he can sail with his knee while eating lunch. To Captain Juma Chande, the wind is the music and the ocean the rhythm of his life. Since his childhood he’s sailed the Quirimbas, now in his forties he knows every inch of its waters and is a true master of his craft.

“Hello. Welcome,” smiles Captain Juma as I hop onto the huge wooden dhow from a tender boat. The east African dhow, built entirely of wood, is the traditional sailing vessel of this coastline. They come in all sizes from tiny slivers for fishing sortees to huge vessels that carry heavy cargo up and down the coast. This dhow – Vagabundo – is big, with ample space to walk around on deck, even though there is a pile of kayaks also on board.

After a few nights on the tropical island of Matemo, relaxing under rustling palms that fringe the shoreline, we are about to sail for Ulumbwa. Here we will spend the night on shore in a fly camp with private tents, a full tented bathroom and delectable fire-cooked meal. Then tomorrow we will snorkel to see clouds of tropical fish, swim and play in the welcoming, warm Indian Ocean.

Captain Juma, his red shirt emblazoned against the azure ocean, sets sail tacking across the ocean. The melodic whish-whish sound as the wooden dhow cuts through the ocean is hypnotic; the huge white cotton sail in full flight gives a sense of old world travel that’s gracious and soothing. All aboard are silent, lost in thought and gazing out across the ocean which twinkles like dancing diamonds.

As if keeping time to the rhythm of the water, Captain Juma starts tapping gently against the outside of the dhow. “Suki, suuki, suuuki,” he chants softly, yet his gaze remains fixed on the horizon. His tapping continues for a minute or two, his face serene and expectant. Then he cracks a wide smile and points: “Suki,” he says, his eyes twinkling, and we watch a school of dolphins swimming and diving alongside the boat. There are at least a dozen of them, risen from the depths and heeding the captain’s call. For Captain Juma, the dolphins – suki in the local language – are his old friends, and he just wanted to say hello as he always does. Nothing more.

Mozambique villagers

Mozambique villagers

The Quirimbas Archipelago is about as far north as you can go along the Mozambique coastline before crossing into Tanzania. There are around 30 islands forming the archipelago and 11 of them lie within the expansive 7 500km² Quirimbas National Park – which means the marine life is spectacular. So conservation conscious are the local people that 10 years ago they requested the formation of the national park to protect dwindling fish populations. The park also protects the feeding and nesting sites of five species of marine turtle, while on terra firma park rangers do patrols to protect villagers’ crops from elephants. Local fishermen and farmers are taught sustainable practises, poaching is combated and children’s education and community tourism initiatives are promoted too.

There are plenty of uninhabited, perfectly Robinson Crusoe islands in the Quirimbas. Some offer luxury escapes for tourists, others are home to traditional fishing communities, and some have both; like Matemo. It’s home to 2 500 villagers and 10 500 palm trees – because locals use every part of the palm for something. Houses are built from chunks of white coral and plastered with cement from ground coral – and then thatched with palm fronds. When mixed with plant sap, coral powder is also sunscreen for the men when they go fishing and the women as they catch octopus and harvest sea cucumbers. There’s a real sense that everyone is happy, though life can also be very hard.

On a dhow safari there’s nothing hard though, nothing at all. Aboard Vagabundo there is everything you need and more than enough space to do gymnastics, should you want to. Ibo Island Lodge, which runs the unique dhow safaris, also has two other even larger dhows at 12 meters long, plus a liveaboard dhow that can comfortably sleep six people. It’s an ideal way to spend a family holiday with plenty to see and do for all ages – active or relaxed of nature.

Time passes quickly as we sail, and the high noon sun has slipped low to the horizon. We anchor offshore of Ulumbwa and Captain Juma points to an open patch of earth. “That is where we will sleep tonight,” he smiles, “just give us a few minutes and it will all be ready.” And so it is. An open-sided kitchen tent, another for dining – replete with table and chairs, a private sleeping tent, a bathroom and a toilet tent all appeared seemingly instantly and the fly camp came to life. After a piping hot shower, dinner was served. More accurately, a seafood platter the likes of which had never been seen before was served. Fresh from the sea crab, crayfish, prawns, calamari, fish and piping hot bread was all cooked over open coals for dinner. It was half the Indian Ocean on a plate.

Mozambique dhow in Quirimbas

Dhow crew in the Quirimbas

Next morning, the first rays of sun rouses us from our tents, but the crab plovers have been up for ages. “There they are,” says Captain Juma, “they are very special birds. People come from far to see them.” Throughout the Quirimbas are special natural sights, like the herons, egrets and bee eaters on Medjumbe island, and the green and leatherback turtles that lay their eggs on the beaches of Matemo, Medjumbe and Vamizi islands.

As quickly as it materialised, the fly camp is packed up and back on the dhow, and we slip back into the ocean, skirting bushy mangroves as we go. Today we will sleep on enigmatic Ibo island, where Captain Juma was born and still lives. The faded splendour of the town, with crumbling Portuguese colonial architecture and coastal forts, is a photographer’s dream. The white star-shaped Forteleza São João has completely transformed from a brutal prison of old to the creative epicentre of Ibo. Here the island’s renowned silversmiths sit together and create intricate lacy silver jewellery, which is now sought after around the world. They used old coins in the past, now they use silver. Melted over fire, fashioned with tweezers and files and polished with lemon juice, the jewellery resembles silver lace and is unique and special to Ibo.

Special too is silently sailing on a magnificent traditional dhow along a breathtaking coastline. There is nowhere else in Mozambique you can do this and the experience is available to anyone who loves sea, sun and breathtaking natural beauty. It’s an authentic, gentle way to travel and savour this enchanting area and its diverse offerings. This is a taste of all things good about Africa. Captain Juma smiles and interrupts my thoughts. “It’s good to be home. Ibo is very beautiful,” he says, “but, for me, it’s better to be on the ocean. My heart lives out there.”

Travel advice

Getting there:

Mozambique is an all year round great weather destination, though summers can be hot and humid on the coast.

Currency: Meticais (R1 = 3Mt)

Visas: none are needed for South African passport holders

Getting there: Airlink flies directly between Johannesburg and Pemba, and Johannesburg and Vilanculos five times a week – see:

CFA Air Charters manage the Solenta Aviation-operated transfers from Pemba to the Quirimbas.


Ibo Island Lodge is for families or couples. Mobile, island hopping, dhow safaris in the Qurimbas are operated throughout the year by the lodge. There are set departures for week long dhow safaris and tailor made safaris are also catered to. Ibo Island Lodge and Dhow Safari reservations

Matemo offers barefoot luxury for families, while Medjumbe – also in the Quirimbas – is decadently designed for couples and adults. Rani Resorts reservations


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